Yugra is a Uralican county that is based around the former Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (whose flag it uses), and bears the native name of the area, which is said to be the Urheimat of the Ugric peoples (whose name is taken from "Yugra"), which comprise the Ob Ugrics - that is, the Khanty and Mansi peoples - and the Hungarians. The county was one of five new counties officially created on 15 November 2009. The county seat is Yugrakar.
Russians currently make up the majority of the population. Ob Ugrics, like most other Uralic peoples, have experienced a population boom in the last four years, however, Khants and Mansis still account for only 20% of the total population of the county. However, a large number of the place names in Yugra are at least partly Ugric in origin. Of the seventeen settlements with at least town status, only five - Nizhnevartovsk, Megion, Raduzhnyy, Kuiksk, and Beloyarsky - are suspected to not have any such connection. Furthermore, Yugrakar was renamed thus as a result of a contest, and it hybridises the Ugric name of the area with the Komi -kar suffix, meaning "city." "Juganvar" is a "Magyarisation" of "Neftyugansk," whose name is derived from the Yugan River - another Ugric place name. According to Jarkko Salomäki, many incoming Hungarians are also moving to Yugra, specifically to Surgut and Juganvar.
The county has gleaned a reputation for taking care of its natural landscape, and it possesses the most national parks and monuments of any county with nine, including half of Uralica's eight national nature reserves.
Important Cities and Towns[edit | edit source]
- Juganvar (formerly Nefteyugansk)
- Chetyrgoroda (Engl. Quad-Town, the amalgamation of Alyabyevsky, Pionersky, Yubilenyy, and Malinovsky)
- Kuiksk (formerly Sovetsk)
- Severnyy Beloyarsky (formerly just Beloyarsky, to differentiate it from the Beloyarsky in Southeast Uralica)
- Khaaljpus (formerly Beryozovo)