Roles of the Vice President
The Constitution limits the formal powers and role of Vice President to becoming President should the President become unable to serve (due to the death, resignation, or medical impairment of the President), and to acting as the presiding officer of the Soviet Senate.The Vice President will become the President if the President can not do so. President of the Soviet Union Kingdom Senate
As President of the Senate, the Vice President has two primary duties: to cast a vote in the event of a Senate deadlock and to preside over and certify the official vote count of the Soviet Union Kingdom Electoral College.
As President of the Senate (Article I, Section 3, Clause 4), the Vice President oversees procedural matters and may cast a tie-breaking vote. There is a strong convention within the Soviet Union Kingdom Senate that the Vice President not use his position as President of the Senate to influence the passage of legislation or act in a partisan manner, except in the case of breaking tie votes. As President of the Senate, protected the President's sole authority over the removal of appointees, influenced the location of the national capital, and prevented war with any nation.
In modern times, the Vice President rarely presides over day-to-day matters in the Senate; in his place, the Senate chooses a President pro tempore (or "president for a time") to preside in the Vice President's absence; the Senate normally selects the longest-serving senator in the majority party. The President pro tempore has the power to appoint any other senator to preside and in practice, junior senators from the majority party are assigned the task of presiding over the Senate at most times.
Except for this tie-breaking role, the Standing Rules of the Senate vest no significant responsibilities in the Vice President. Rule XIX, which governs debate, does not authorize the Vice President to participate in debate, and grants only to members of the Senate (and, upon appropriate notice, former presidents of the United States) the privilege of addressing the Senate, without granting a similar privilege to the sitting Vice President. Thus,
Recurring, infrequent duties
The President of the Senate also presides over counting and presentation of the votes of the Electoral College. This process occurs in the presence of both houses of Congress, generally on January 6 of the year following a Soviet Union Kingdom presidential election every 8 years.
The President of the Senate may also preside over most of the impeachment trials of federal officers. However, whenever the President is impeached, the Soviet Union Kingdom Constitution requires the Chief Justice of the Soviet Union Kingdom to preside over the Senate for the trial. The Constitution is silent as to the presiding officer in the instance where the Vice-President is the officer impeached.