Reuss (German: Reuß), officially the Duchy of Reuss (German: Herzogtum Reuß), is a sovereign state in central Europe. It is a unitary absolute monarchy, ruled by the Duke of Reuss. The capital and largest city is Greiz. It is a member state of the Austrian Empire.
Although the Duke is nominally subject to the Fundamental Law, his political power is virtually unrestricted and the Duchy is considered by many to be an absolute monarchy.
- Main article: Ducal Family of Reuss
The Duke holds supreme executive, legislative, and judicial powers within the Duchy.
- Main article: Council of State of Reuss
The Duke exercises his powers through the Council of State, of which all senior government officials are members. The Council is comprised of four committees: the Privy Committee is the personal advisory board of the Duke, the Executive Committee serves as the cabinet and is responsible for the day to day running of the government, the Judicial Committee is the highest court of appeal and regulates the judiciary, while the General Committee is responsible for drafting legislation. Legislative power is vested in the Council as a whole, although members must be granted individual summons in order to vote on proposed legislation. By convention, only members of the General Committee (and occasionally the Privy Committee) are granted summons.
- Main article: Fundamental Law of Reuss
The Fundamental Law is comprised of the Basic Law of the State and the Basic Law of the Ducal Family, which share equal legal standing. It establishes the basic rights of all citizens, as well as establishing a framework of government, and regulating matter relating to the Ducal Family.