The Republic of Nubbles (RON) is a state in North-Eastern Asia. The Republic was established on 31 August 2010 after the Commoner's Revolt of 26 January 2009 successfully overthrew the Chinese Government which had controlled the Northern Islands for three years. The ratification of the Constitution of the Republic of Nubbles took place on the 30 September 2010 in the capital city of the Nubbles City.
Geographically, The Republic of Nubbles is an archipelago of many islands, with its three main islands named after the nation's motto Democracy Island, National Island and People Island. The geographical name given to the archipelago is the Northern Islands for its geographical location. Volcanic formation of the islands causes most of the land to be mountainous. With only less than 30% of flat land and geographically an island nation, a lot of basic commodities like food and water would have to imported. However, the abundant supplies of coal in the mountainous regions together with sophisticated offshore drilling has made the Republic of Nubbles one of the biggest exporters in Asia.
The Republic of Nubbles ratified the Constitution of the Global Alliance and Treaty Organization on the 26 September 2010, in which the Republic was officially recognized a member state of the Alliance.
- See also: Timeline of the Republic of Nubbles
Empire of Japan and the Pre-Contemporary EraEdit
The Northern Islands was originally a Monarchy based-nation named the Empire of Japan which ruled the island for about one and a half century and it is widely considered by many historians as an advanced civilisation. During the latter half of the 19th century, the Emperor of Japan encouraged military expansionism and imperialism, during which the Empire expanded it's territories into China, Russia and much of Oceania during the 1940s. This act of aggression later was perceived as hostile activities by the Allied Forces during the Second World War of Common Era. When Japan later was recognized as part of the Axis powers together with Germany and Italy, it was the main belligerent of the Axis within the Pacific theatre. The Allied powers successfully halted Japan's expansion and the island nation surrendered on August 15, 1945 Victory over Japan Day, which effectively brought the Second World War to an end. Japan was the only nation during the Common Era to have been hit by nuclear arsenal.
Despite having lost two major cities to nuclear attack, Japan saw a period of rapid growth in its economy (Japanese post-war economic miracle), to which the nation was recognized as the world's second largest economy.
- Main article: Third Sino-Japanese War
On the morning of the 6 January 2006, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force detected many unidentified vessels approaching its waters. All hails towards the unknown vessels have failed, and upon visual contact from the coast, it was uncovered that it was a major Chinese landing force heading towards Japan. Within less than thirty minutes after the contact, it was reported that Japanese merchant vessels are being boarded and captured by the Chinese. There were also reports of bomb runs against major cities throughout Japan by Chinese long range bombers. Japan declared war on China three hours later, effectively starting the Third Sino-Japanese War.
Within less than a week since the start of the war, the Chinese have landed more than 500,000 troops onto Japan's southern most Kyushu island. Regular bomb runs targeted the capital city of Tokyo, and Chinese submarines torpedoed all merchant vessels inboud and outbound of Japan, effectively creating a blockade on the island. During this time, famine swept through the country, and regular electric shortages caused the country to fall into Anarchy.
Despite this, the Japanese Armed Forces continued fighting for another two months before officially surrendering to the Chinese government, and with this the end of the Japanese rule on the Northern Islands.
Chinese Provincial Government and Political UnrestEdit
- Main article: Chinese-Occupied Japan
During the Chinese rule over Japan, there has been very little effort made to repair the damages of the Third Sino-Japanese War. This era of Japan is often called "The Occupation" by historians. All of Japan's economical wealth and technology has been taken back to the mainland, and the population of Japan were continuously suppressed by troops garrisoned on the Islands. Government corruption meant that extreme poverty and famine swept across the Islands and there was no social security of any kind. The crime rate and the number of murder soar to a shocking number to a level that there is almost no Human Rights in the region. This led to the condemnation and expulsion of China by the United Nations in 2007, but by that time the United Nations has little to no power left as nations in the Common Era continue to disintegrate into smaller nations or join other alliances.
By this time, there were already numerous underground resistance groups aimed at overthrowing the Provincial Government. One of the earliest resistance group, the Rising Sun Organization RSO was by 2007 the biggest resistance group, in which it is said that the group has more than 5,000 members spread across 23 major cities. Somewhere in October 2007, the RSO was contacted by the United States's Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), in which an agreement was settled that the CIA provided necessary supplies needed for a rebellion under secrecy in return for specially priced oil and coal after the rebellion.
Eventually, the first organized rebellion by the RSO took place near Kyoto, by which many historians named this the Kyoto Rebellion. Armed with advancd US weaponry and careful planning, the RSO seized control of the city within three days. However, the RSO soon faced an organized counter-attack by the Provincial Government of a force over 5,000 infantry units together with Tanks, Artillery and Bomber Aircrafts. The RSO held it's ground over Kyoto for two months before facing defeat, by which the city is completely razed. Chinese troops finally cleared the city on 29 December 2007. It was reported that mass-public executions took place the weeks after the Chinese entered the city.
Although the rebellion was a failure, it paved the way for other rebellions as well as encouraging other Japanese resistance leaders and citizens to resist the Chinese rule. The Glorious Rebellion of February 2007 effectively allowed the resistance groups control the islands of Hokkaido, Shikoku and many parts of Honshu. However, this as abruptly ended when the Chinese landed 50,000 fresh troops to retake the Islands. Nevertheless, the Glorious Rebellion was succeeded by the Tokyo Uprising of January 2008, which successfully took over the Office of the Provincial Government in Tokyo. However, poor organization and planning led to the ambush of the resistance groups, and soon the seat of the Provincial Government was restored.
Downfall of the Provincial GovernmentEdit
- Main article: Restore, Reform, Republic Revolution
By late 2008, Mainland China is facing internal political crisis of its own; provinces continuously declare secession and there were countless rebellions being fought. The number of military units garrisoned on the Japan has decreased dramatically; from 100,000 troops during 2006 to 50,000 during 2009. However, this force was still aided by air support, artillery support and the garrisoned troops still had access to modern weaponry and firearms. By this time, the islands of Shikoku and Kyushu are completely under the control by resistance groups, and are dubbed the "Free Area". whilst the Provincial Government controlled Honshu and Hokkaido. This was named the "Occupied Area" by the resistance. Numerous attempts have been taken to take Honshū, but have all been thwarted by the Provincial Government. Furthermore, there was division and rivalry between resistance groups, in which there was an argument over the wealth and land distribution between groups. This led to a 10-day conflict between Red Resistance Coalition and Blue Resistance Coalition, in which over 178 people were killed. This conflict was known as the Red-Blue Clash.
Eventually the resistance leaders mutually agreed co-operation with the guidance of the resistance leader of the Rising Sun Organization Nubbles. Nubbles encouraged the free population of the individual groups to envision the possibility of setting up a Republic government through public appearances and spreading of his political ideology Nationalism, Democracy, The People through which he gained immense support. He then travelled in secrecy to meet with all the resistance leaders on Honshū, persuading them to envision the same possibility as well as the enactment of his political ideology.
Nubbles announced the formation of a political party based on his political ideology, the Nationalist Party on October 10, 2008, two months after his visit to Honshu. Within the same day, many resistance groups within the Free Area swore their allegiance to the Nationalist Party. With this, the resistance group agreed upon the formation of the Nationalist Revolution Army (NRA). Nearing the end of 2008, all resistance groups within both the Free Area and the Occupied area have united to the Nationalist Party, making it the first political in existence after the occupation
Upon the formation of his party, Nubbles together with his newly appointed commanders began preparations for the invasion of Honshū. Nubbles himself travelled to different countries during this time, asking them to support this revolution through aiding them with loans and material supplies. His speech in New York was the first to refer to his Restore, Reform, Republic political movement, in which he hoped to convince support from delegates around the world for his Democratic views.
During Nubbles' leave, there have been several attempts by the Chinese to retake Shikoku and Kyushu who were still assuming the Red-Blue Clash was still being fought, were thwarted by the Nationalist Revolution Army. The NRA leaders convened a meeting without Nubbles' presence, and decided that an invasion is to occur somewhere in February 2009. Following this, orders were given out for mass amphibious attack training areawide.
However, on 26 January 2009, there were reports from the Occupied Area that the resistance groups on Honshu have revolted against Chinese rule in the Northern half of Honshu. At first this was viewed as another regular revolt, but when news came in that the resistance groups have taken the entire T?hoku region, an emergency meeting was convened by the NRA leaders, and the decision was made to launch it's invasion as soon as possible. On 31 January, the NRA launched it's first attack on Honshū. The rebellion was named Restore, Reform, Republic Revolution after Nubbles' political ideology, and after one day of intense fighting have cleared the southern Beaches of Honshu.
The Provincial Government finally fell on 1 June 2010, in which the Surrender of the Chinese Provincial Government on Japan took place in the city of Hiroshima. Power was handed over to the Nationalist Party through unconditional surrender of the Provincial Government.
The formation of the Republic of NubblesEdit
Immediately after the surrender of the Provincial Government, a temporary Transitional Government was set up. The first meeting between the Nationalist Party was convened on the 2 June 2010, in which Nubbles was anonymously elected by the top 50 leading political figures of the Nationalist Party until an official government was formed. Upon the surrender of the Provincial Government, some Chinese officials have chosen not to return to China but to stay on the Northern Islands. Because the leaders of the Nationalist Party wanted the party to be open for all members, several leading Chinese politicians have been granted limited membership into the party. Although these people are of Chinese ethnicity, they are now recognized as the citizens of the new state.
A panel for the "Naming of the new Republic" was formed with the order of discussing the possible names of the new state. However, strong disagreements between party members grew; conservatives argued that the new state should be named the "Republic of Japan" while others wanted that the new state be called the "New Democratic Republic of the Northern Islands". Facing two-way split of his political party, Nubbles intervened the situation and ordered that such matter would be discussed on a later date. Therefore, temporarily the state given the name of its geographical situation, the Northern Islands for political neutrality.
Two months have passed when the next panel meeting was convened. During this time, the Nationalist Party won immense respect among the people. Rebuilding of infrastructure to pre-occupation levels were under way, and political stability was returning to the state. This time, the panel meeting have come to the conclusion of naming the new state after the man that has helped creating it. Special Resolution 8 was written and passed on to the National Assembly, in which the resolution passed with 253 for, 5 against and 0 abstentions, hence the new state was given the name The Republic of Nubbles.
By the time the country adopted the new name, the Nationalist Party decided that there was a need an official President. The polling began on the 20 August 2010, and ended with Nubbles receiving 91.2% of all the votes. Inauguration of Nubbles took place on the 30 August 2010, and the first ever resolution to be signed by the President of the Repbublic of Nubbles took place on 31 August 2010, in which the President signed Special Resolution 8, which declares the formation of the Republic of Nubbles official.
To honour the formation of the new Republic, the National Assembly passed Special Resolution 10 declaring the renaming of major geographical sites. The most notable name change was the renaming of the islands, in which the islands were renamed after the political ideology of Nationalism, Democracy, The People. Hokkaido was renamed "Democracy Island", Kyushu to "Nationalism Island" and Honsu to "People Island". The island of Shikoku was renamed through popular votes from residents on the island, in which the island was finally named Harmony Island. The names of major cities were also changed, in which the capital Hiroshima was renamed to "Nubbles City".
Shortly after the formation of the Republic, an invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Global Alliance and Treaty Organization was received by the President. The Republic was officially recognized as one of the member states of the Alliance on 26 September 2010.
Upon the recognition of the Republic of Nubbles as a member state of GATO, the first constitutional amendment was passed in the National Assembly affirming the duties and goals of being a member of GATO. With this, the Republic undertook many trading opportunities within the Alliance as well as providing financial and military support.
GeographyEditThe Republic of Nubbles lies to the East of the China and is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. Over 70% of the land is considered mountainous, and hence making it difficult for the usage of Agriculture or Industry. Most of the population of the Northern Islands live in near the coastal areas, making the Republic of Nubbles one of the densely populated countries in the world. The mountain regions of the Republic contain an abundant source of Coal, whilst the Nubbles Sea has rich oil fields.
It is observed that the Republic lies within the region of the Pacific Ring of Fire, in which countries within this region are known for its regular earthquakes and volcanic activities. It is also a region that is prone to have heavy precipitation during the Summer, in which the Typhoon Season begins. Because of these natural disasters, the Government heavily invests into the research of the prevention of natural disasters. However, the volcanic identity of the Republic of Nubbles also creates Hot Springs, making the Republic a favourable tourist country.
Although the Republic of Nubbles is a democratic republic, its government structure is different from other republics. For example, the power to impeach the President is not available to either the Legislative Branch or Executive Branch. The Republic has a bicameral legislature. The Republic has six organs within its government structure, five of which are referred to as "courts". They are namely the Legislative Court, Executive Court, Judical Court, Social Court and the Government Court. All these courts, however, only have the ability to propose resolutions and not actually put them into effect. All proposed resolutions shall be debated and voted upon in the National Assembly, which is considered the backbone of the Republic.
- Main article: Constitution of the Republic of Nubbles
The Constitution is the backbone document which prescribes the necessary measures to run the Republic. The current Constitution was adopted on 10 October 2010, and was amended to this date one time. It contains 175 Articles, divided into 14 Chapters and organized under 5 Sections. The document lists the Rights and responsibilities of the people, the Framework of all the Courts within the Republic, the Duties of the Government, Essential political matters and elections, and Amendments towards the constitution.
In order to amend the Constitution, the Legislative Court would have to first submit a resolution, in which it then gets voted upon by the National Assembly. Over three quarters of the votes in the National Assembly is required in order to effectively amend the Constitution. The current amended version of the Constitution contains the duties required by the nation as a member of the Global Alliance and Treaty Organization, which has been written under Chapter 8, Section IV of the Constitution.
- Main article: National Assembly of the Republic of Nubbles
The National Assembly currently has 517 seats, with which in accordance to the Constitution of the Republic of Nubbles, the number of seats of the National Assembly shall be determined by the following:
- Article 20, Chapter 3, Section II
- The National Assembly shall have one Delegate elected from each County, Municipality, or area of equivalent status. In case the population of the electoral district exceeds 500,000, one additional Delegate shall be elected for each additional 500,000.
- In addition to this, the National Assembly have a number of Permanent Delegations:
- 1. The number of Delegates to be elected by Japanese Ethnic Groups residing on the Northern Islands shall be prescribed by law.
- 2. The number of Delegates to be elected by Chinese Ethnic Groups residing on the Northern Islands shall be prescribed by law.
- 3. The number of Delegates to be elected by Nubblian citizens residing abroad shall be prescribed by law.
- 4. The number of Delegates to be elected by Veteran’s Organizations shall be prescribed by law.
- 5. The number of Delegates to be elected by Occupational Groups shall be prescribed by law.
- 6. The number of Delegates to be elected by the Elderly shall be prescribed by law.
- 7. The number of Delegates to be elected by Women’s Organizations shall be prescribed by law.
As a result, the National Assembly has 450 seats elected by popular votes during the General Elections, whilst the 67 seats belong to the permanent members listed in Constitution. This number excludes the seat of the President and the Vice-President. The current President of the National Assembly is Kamura Takechi, who is the temporary President of the National Assembly until the dates for the General Elections are set.
The National Assembly is the only organ of the Republic that does not have the ability to propose and draft resolutions. Instead, this possibility is given to panels formed by the National Assembly. Upon drafting a resolution, the panel would first have to pass it through the Legislative Court before being passed on to the National Assemby. One of the most notable example is the Panel for the Naming of the Republic, set up during the dispute of the nomenclature of the Republic. In most cases, after an issue has been resolved, the panel would be disbanded.
The elections of the National Assembly are held annually. However, a delegate may serve up to six terms, totalling six years.
- Main article: Legislative Court of the Republic of Nubbles
- Article 48, Chapter 6, Section II:
- The Legislative Court shall have the power to pass bills on laws, budgets, martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusions of peace, treaties, and other important matters of State.
This means that the Legislative Court can pass resolutions without first having the approval of the National Assembly or the President. However, such motions can only be enacted if neither the National Assembly nor the President of the Republic responds to the situation within six hours of the event.
The Legislative Court currently has 257 seats, of which, 230 are chosen by popular votes during General Elections, whilst the remaining 27 seats belong to the permanent members. The Legislative Court requires a President and a Vice-President. The current President of the Legislative Court is Hong Ming Bao. Like the National Assembly, the terms of the Legislative Court are one year long, and delegates are only eligible to hold a position in the Legislative Court for a maximum of six terms.
- Main article: Executive Court of the Republic of Nubbles
The Executive Court is the highest Administrative Organ of the Republic. Unlike other Executive Branches in the world, the head of the Executive Court is not the President of the Republic of Nubbles. Instead, a President and Vice-President are appointed by the President of the Republic. However, if there is disagreement about the appointment, a resolution can be passed in the Legislative Court to veto the appointment. Such resolution does not need to be further passed on to the National Assembly.
Through recommendation from the President of the Executive Court, the President appoints several ministers for his Administration. The role of these ministers are to provide the President and other organs within the Republic with important information about the Republic. This goal is explicitly stated within the Constitution of the Republic of Nubbles:
- Article 44, Chapter 5, Section II
- The Executive Court shall be responsible to the Legislative Court in accordance with the following provisions:
- 1. When necessary, provide the Legislative court with a report of specifically requested information.
The current Administration, the Nubbles Administration, has 13 Ministries. The current Administration was assembled on 30 August 2010.
- Main article: Judical Court of the Republic of Nubbles
The Judicial Court of the Republic of Nubbles is the highest judicial organ of the Republic. Its responsibilities include the trying of civilians, criminals and political figures within the Republic, as well as enacting disciplinary punishment or sanction against convicted people. Whilst the Judicial Court can try political figures, it cannot hold a trial against the President of the Republic of Nubbles while he is in office. However, upon impeachment or finishing his term of office, any ex-President can be subjected to a trial by the Judicial Court.
Members of the Judicial Court shall make unbiased decisions and shall act in accordance to the Constitution.
The members of the Judicial Court are appointed by the President of the Republic of Nubbles. However, if there are objections, resolutions could be drafted in the Government Court to veto the appointment. Upon being appointed, the judge shall serve the Judicial Court continuously until he desires, or there are complaints about his position, in which the matter should once again be brought up to the Government Court.
- Main article: Social Court of the Republic of Nubbles
The Social Court is responsible for the affairs of the socio-economic aspect of both the citizens of the Republic of Nubbles as well as government officials. It mainly looks into the areas of taxes, social spending and examination. Although the Legislative Court does have the power to propose resolutions relating to these issues, the Social Court is concerned more about the enforcement of these points. However, if there should be the need of added security or law enforcement, the Social Court would have to draft up a resolution and send it to the Legislative Court, and then the Legislative Court shall pass the drafted resolution on to the National Assembly. Regardless, it too has the power to pass resolutions to add, amend or strike existing laws in the mentioned areas.
Members of the Social Court are appointed by the President of the Social Court, through which 50 delegations are available. The President and Vice-President of the Social Court are both appointed by the President of the Repubic of Nubbles, and all delegations including the President and Vice-President shall serve a term of one year, and is eligible to be elected up to six terms. The current President of the Social Court is Naomi Takeshima.
- Main article: Government Court of the Republic of Nubbles
The Government Court is the only organ in the Republic that can impeach government officials, and shall take the reports from the Judicial Court as well as the Legislative Court. Unlike other courts, the Government Court does have the power to pass a resolution without the approval or votes from the National Assembly. However, in order to perform this motion, at least more than a quarter of the delegates of the Government Court must be present to start the motion, and a further four fifth vote to pass the motion. The President of the Government Court is Zhang Yi Ching.
- Article 65, Chapter 3, Section II
- The Government Court shall be composed of Members to be elected by various Councils and Organizations. Their quotas shall be allotted according to the following provisions:
- 1. Five Members for each Province.
- 2. Five Members from Japanese Ethnic Groups residing on the Northern Islands.
- 3. Five Members from Chinese Ethnic Groups residing on the Northern Islands.
- 4. Two Members from Nubblian citizens residing abroad.
- 5. Two Members from Veteran’s Organizations.
- 6. Two Members from Occupational Groups.
- 7. Two Members from Veteran’s Organizations.
- 8. Two Members from the Elderly.
- 9. Two Members from the Women’s Organizations.
- Main article: Politics in the Republic of Nubbles
The Constitution of the Republic of Nubbles states that the Republic is a Democratic State, and therefore it has a multi-party system. Currently, there is no limit in the number of legal political parties within the Republic. Since the creation of the Republic, there are five legally registered political parties. Even so, all positions currently inside the Republic are occupied by the members of the Nationalist Party.
Political issues and political frontsEdit
The most heated topic within the politics of the Republic is the question of whether the Republic should be based upon the country that existed before the "Occupation" (Japan) or to consider the Republic as a new state (Republic of Nubbles). Therefore, there are currently two major fronts; the so called "Revival" and the "United".
The Revival Front is considered Right-Wing Conservatives, who have the vision of establishing a Constitutional Monarchy in favour of a Republic, and to view the State as a "Revival of Japan", rather than the "Successor of Japan". The Revivial currently is composed of single party, the Revival Party. This front is often referred to as the "Maroon Front" as well, in which the Maroon refers to the colour of the Monarchy in Japan as well as the colour of the political party that supports Monarchy. It has been often criticized for its views towards ethnic Chinese whom reside on the Northern Islands. Some even consider this act as fascism resembling to that during Second World War. Ironically, this political ideology opposes the whole concept of a Republic and reverses the formation of the Republic of Nubbles. However, there have been no resolutions or motions passed against this issue.
The United Front views the new State as the Republic of Nubbles, a new era of the Northern Islands. The leading political party in this front is the Nationalist Party, and mostly supporters of the United Front use blue to represent themselves, resembling to the party colour of the Nationalist Party as well as the Republic colour. The United Frontcurrently has power over all the courts within the Republic, with all the seats and positions being occupied by the Nationalist Party. Since the creation of the Republic, several other political parties have aligned themselves to the United Front, most notably the Unity Party of the Republic of Nubbles. Mostly, the United Front is perceived as Centre-Left on the political spectrum.
There is also a group of independents (which is referred to the Independent Front, in which parties refuse to officially align themselves with either the Revivial Front nor the United Front. The current biggest indepent political party is the Green Party, which concerns itself in improving the Environment of the Republic which is effected by Global Radiation frequently.
The other major independent party is the "Chinese People's Party", which was created as a response to the creation of the Revival Front. It is a political party mostly composing of ethnic Chinese, who believe that if the Revival Front came into power, the treatment towards ethnic Chinese would be poor. Hence, the Chinese People's Party aims to ensure that ethnic Chinese residing on on the Northern Islands gets treated equally. Whilst de jure the party does not align itself to any of the two fronts, it closely cooperates with the United Front
The Republic of Nubbles currently has a strong economy, based on the Daily-Income Index (DII) of ￥121.54 per capita. This is largely due to the various infrastructure projects the government undertook to rebuild the Republic as well as positive economical improvements owned by the government. It is also due to the high technological advancements that allow industries to work and produce efficiently. The natural resources surrounding the Republic also make the Republic of Nubbles a favourable trading state. The Republic also relies heavily on trade to maintain a steady growth of the economy as well as lowering costs of various aspects in the economy.
In order to improve the economy as well as keeping the economy stable, the government currently owns several assets: 1 Harbour, 1 Foreign Ministry, 4 Bank. There are plans to further expand the economy through means of education by building Schools and Universities especially when literacy rate is low. The government is also considering several military improvements in the near future.
Nubbles City PortEdit
Nubbles City, the capital of the Republic, possesses one of the largest harbour in the whole of Asia. It imports vital resources as well as exporting commodities produced by the Republic. The harbour estimates 200 million tonnes of goods exported and imported on a daily basis, and the port employs roughly 70,000 people to keep the port running day and night. The opening of the harbour also relieves Tokyo Harbour from the excess traffic as well as expanding further possibilities for foreign trade.
Nubbles World Trade CentreEdit
More commonly known as Nubbles Foreign Ministry, the NWTC is the core of all Technology Trades happening in the Republic, and coordinates directly under the Ministry of Econmical Affairs. This 500 metre skyscraper locates in the heart of Nubbles City and is a symbol of technological and economical advances. It has also become a popular tourist attraction during the recent years.
- Bank of Nubbles
- New Tokyo Bank
- People's Bank of Nubbles
To this date, the Republic of Nubbles participated within no wars and three battles. (For the full list, please see List of battles fought by the Republic of Nubbles)