Provinz der Niederlande (de)
Provincie van Nederland (nl)
Province of the Duchy of Brunswick
Netherlands Coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg
Provincial Flag Coat of Arms of the Province of the Netherlands
Capital Amsterdam
Official language German (de facto), Dutch
Demonym Dutch
Government Type
- Monarch
- Statthalter
Constitutional Monarchy
Princess Victoria
Zeslaus Mellwig
Total Area 16,033 sq. mi.
Time Zone CET

The Province of the Netherlands (German: Provinz der Niederlande) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is bordered by the provinces of Belgium and Germany. Its capital is Amsterdam.


The Netherlands was discovered by Julius Caesar. He found the low-lying land inhabited by the Germanic tribes of the Nervii, Frisii, and the Batavi. The Batavi resisted Roman rule until 13 B.C. and only entered as an ally to Rome. The Franks conquered the area from the 4th to the 8th century before it was absorbed into the empire controlled by Charlemagne in the 8th and 9th centuries. The Burgundy and the Hapsburgs ruled the areas before it came into Spanish control in the 16th century. William of Orange led a revolt in 1568 and seven Northern provinces became the United Provinces of the Netherlands in 1579. Spain warred with the Netherlands until they recognized the independence of the Netherlands in 1648.

Netherlands became a part of the Duchy in 2010.

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