The Province of Romania (German: Provinz von Rumänien) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Romania. It is bordered by the provinces of Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, and Moldova. Its capital is Bucharest.
Romania was originally a Roman province called Dacia, which lasted from A.D. 100 to 271. Barbarian conquerors attacked the country constantly from the 3rd to the 12th century before Dacia became a subject of the Bulgarian Empire. Transylvania came under Hungarian rule in the 11th century. The Ottoman Empire gained control of Moldavia and Walachia by the 1500s. These two principalities became Russian protectorates after the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829. Romania became a kingdom in 1881. Romania maintained neutrality in the beginning of World War I until 1916 when they joined the Allies and declared war on the Central Powers. After the armistice of November 11, 1918, Romania doubled in size from the territories they regained from Russia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Carol II became King in 1930 and abolished the democratic constitution of 1923. The country adopted a Fascist stance in 1940 and the Fascist Iron Guard became the backbone of the totalitarian party. King Carol II abdicated the throne when the Soviet Union occupied part of Romania, dissolving parliament and leaving the prime minister in charge of Romania. Romania signed the Axis Pact before attacking the Soviet Union with Germany in 1940. King Michael ousted the government that Carol II created in 1944 after the invasion of Russia. King Michael abdicated in 1947 after the results of the elections of 1946. Romania joined the United Nations in 1955 and NATO in 2004.
Romania became a part of the Duchy in 2009.