The Province of Portugal (German: Provinz Portugals) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Republic of Portugals. It is bordered by the province of Spain. Its capital is Lisbon.
Portugal was first inhabited by the Lusitanians before the Roman Empire conquered the territory around 140 B.C. The Visigoths invaded the Iberian Peninsula toward the end of the Roman Empire. Portugal became independent from Spain in 1143. King John I unified Portugal against the wishes of the Castilians and Moors. Prince Henry the Navigator helped to expand Portuguese territory by coordinating expeditions through men like Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco de Gama. These efforts led to a Portuguese empire that stretched from West and East Africa, Brazil, and Persia to Indochina and the Malayan Peninsula. By 1581, Portugal had been captured by the Spanish again and remained under Spanish rule for six decades. The Portuguese monarchy was restored to the throne in 1640 and ruled until the monarchy was abolished in 1910 before becoming a republic that same year.
Portugal became a part of the Duchy in 2010.