The Province of Poland (German: Provinz von Polen) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Republic of Poland. It is bordered by the provinces of Germany, Czechia, Slovakia, Belarus, Lithuania, and Ukraine. Its capital is Warsaw.
Poland began as Great Poland under the rule of Mieszko I in 966. Little Poland was made up of Polish tribes. Great Poland and Little Poland united in 1047 under the rule of Casimir I the Restorer. Poland and Lithuania united by marriage in 1386 and grew in power until its peak between the 14th and 16th centuries. Poland was partitioned by Russia, Prussia, and Austria first in 1772, second in 1792, and for a third time in 1795. A Polish state didn’t exist again until 1918.
Poland was attacked in 1939 by the Germans, violating a ten-year nonaggression pact signed in 1934. Soviet troops invaded soon after the Germans and signed an agreement to divided Poland between the two countries on September 28, 1939. A government was formed in exile and resided in France until it moved to London upon France’s defeat by the Germans in 1940. Germany occupied Poland after attacking the USSR in June 1941 and instituted a policy to eliminate the Polish culture by executing citizens.
The government-in-exile was replaced in 1944 by the Polish Committee of National Liberation by the Soviet Union, a Communist organization. The Committee declared itself the Provisional Government of Poland and joined with members of the Polish government in London to create the Polish Government of National Unity. The 1952 constitution created a Polish “people’s democracy.” The Third Republic of Poland was formed in 1990.
Poland became a part of the Duchy in 2009.