The Province of Italy (German: Provinz von Italien) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Italian Republic. It is bordered by the provinces of France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the Vatican City. Its capital is Rome.
Italy was first inhabited by Indo-Europeans from 2000 B.C. until 1000 B.C. The Etruscan civilization dominated from the 9th century B.C. until 3rd century B.C. Rome controlled all of the land south of Cisalpine Gaul by 264 B.C. The Holy Roman Emperors, the popes, Normans, and Saracens fought for control of Italy from 800 on. Milan, Naples, and Sardinia came under Hapsburg rule in 1713 before losing some Italian land in 1735. Italy was unified by Napoléon after 1800 before declaring himself King in 1805. The Congress of Vienna returned Italy to the Austrians in 1815. King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was declared king of Italy in 1861. Italy declared its neutrality in World War I but came in on the side of the Allies in 1915. Benito Mussolini seized power in 1922 and controlled Italy until his death in 1945. A republic was established in 1946.
Italy became a part of the Duchy in 2010.