The Province of Estonia (German: Provinz Estland) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Republic of Estonia. It is bordered by the provinces of Latvia and Russia. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Its capital is Tallinn.
Estonia was the target of assaults from the Vikings, Danes, Swedes, and Russians prior to the 13th century. The Danes sold northern Estonia to the Teutonic Knights of Germany, who possessed Livonia (southern Estonia and Latvia), in 1346. The Knights made Estonia a serfdom until the Swedes took control in 1526. The Estonians were subject to the German landowning class and czarist officials after the Russians took over in 1721 with the Peace of Nystad. Estonia achieved independence after the close of a war that started at the end of World War I. Their independence did not last long because the Russians incorporated Estonia as a republic of the USSR in 1940. The Germans held it for three years before the Russians regained Estonia in 1944. Estonia declared independence once more in 1990.
Estonia became a province of the Duchy in 2009.