The Province of Czechia (German: Provinz Tschechien) is a province of the Duchy of Brunswick. The province is made up of the former Czech Republic. It is bordered by the provinces of Poland, Germany, Austria, and Slovakia. Its capital is Prague.
Slavic tribes settled the regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia around the 5th century A.D. The Kingdom of Bohemia was founded by the Czechs and the Premyslide dynasty ruled over Bohemia and Moravia from the 10th century to the 16th century. Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV made Prague an imperial capital. The Hussites revived nationalism by linking Slavs to the Reformation. Ferdinand I ascended to the throne in 1526 and a Czech rebellion in 1618 sparked the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). The Czechs were defeated in 1620 and became part of the Austrian empire for the next 300 years. The Czechs gained full independence after World War I. Czech and Slovakia united in 1918 to become a Czechoslovakian state. Czechoslovakia was occupied by the Germans in 1939. The exiled government returned 1945 after the end of the war and the restoration of the pre-1938 borders of Czechoslovakia. The Communists dominated the elections of 1946 and seized full control of the government in 1948. The Velvet Revolution of 1989 when Havel was elected President of Czechoslovakia. His election provoked a strong Slovak nationalist movement which sought for the independence of Slovakia. Slovakia gained independence in 1993 with the separation of the Czechoslovakian state.
The Province of Czechia became a part of the Duchy in 2009.