The Kingdom of France (French: Royaume de France) is a kingdom and constituent province of the Vaniveran Empire. It comprises the original territory of France as stated at the Congress of Milan and the island of Corsica. It is a kingdom, divided into twenty-two regions with limited autonomy, but still under the jurisdiction of the Royal and Imperial Governments. The Kingdom of France is also the center of the Vaniveran Empire.
The Kingdom of France first grew out of Western Francia after the Treaty of Verdun divided the Carolingian Empire in 843. For years, France was a largely decentralized state during the Middle Ages. Under the system of feudalism, French lords grew extremely powerful, some becoming just as powerful as the French king himself. With the election of Hugh Capet in 987, the Capetian Dynasty became the ruling family of the Kingdom of France. Under the Capetians, the French monarchy would grow more and more cenralized until in 1453, France had become an absolute monarchy under the Divine Right of Kings.
This absolute monarchy would come to an end during the reign of Louis XVI of France. Beginning the French Revolution, the people of France reorganized France into a constitutional monarchy. But in 1792, believing King Louis was betraying his own country, angry Parisian citizens stormed the Tuileries. Three months later, King Louis XVI was executed in what is today the Place de la Concorde.
From the time of Louis's death in 1793 to 1804, France was ruled by the French Republic. Under the Republic, France was ruled by three different governments: the National Convention; the Directory; and the Consulate. From 1799 to 1804, French politics were ruled by the Consulate, which was led by First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte. With public support in 1804, Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French and established the Empire of the French. For ten years, Emperor Napoleon I expanded the French Empire and his own personal authority. But in 1804, Napoleon was defeated and sent into exile to the island of Elba. In 1815, Napoleon returned to the French mainland and retook control over the French Government.
Attempting to stop the Congress of Vienna in Brussels, Emperor Napoleon invaded Belgium but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo. To ensure he would not return to Europe, the Congress of Vienna exiled Napoleon to the island of Saint Helena in the middle of the South Atlantic.