Frankfurt am Main (officially Reichsstadt des Franken, commonly known simply as Frankfurt) is a city in central Germany, Großgermania, and is the capital city of the province of Hesse. Frankfurt is located on the Main River in the German metropolitan region of Frankfurt/Rhine-Main. With an urban population of just under 5 million, Greater Frankfurt is the largest metropolitan area in Großgermania. Famous for its annual Messe, Frankfurt hosted the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in February of that year.
A center of European trade and transport, Frankfurt is the largest financial center in continental Europe, serving as the headquarters for the Großgermanian Reichsbank, the Empire's central bank and division of the Imperial Treasury responsible for the issue of currency. The Frankfurt Airport is the fourth most active nationally, ninth internationally, with Frankfurt designated a Germanialuft focus city. The Frankfurter Kreuz, located near the Airport, is the largest traffic interchange in continental Europe, joining the A3 and A5 Reichsautobahnen. Frankfurt was ranked thirty-second in a list of global cities published by Loughborough University in 2008. A similar American publication ranked it twenty-first worldwide, while a Japanese study on global cities from 2009—the only such study published since the Unification of Germania—ranked Frankfurt sixteenth overall.
Founded as a Roman settlement, Römer, in the first century, Frankfurt first gained its modern name, literally "Ford of the Franks", under Carolingian rule as Franconofurd. Charles the Great convened the Council of Frankfurt in 794 to counter the Second Council of Nicaea. Charles' council took a liberal approach to iconoclasm and witchcraft, condemning both and ordering the death penalty for those who sought to persecute witches. A free imperial city under the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, Frankfurt served as the place of election of German monarchs, with coronations occurring there from 1562–1792. Falling to the First French Empire in 1806, Frankfurt became part of the Confederation of the Rhine under a succession of constituent states. Following Napoleon's defeat, the Congress of Vienna placed Frankfurt as the capital of the German Confederation, a title which it held until that association's dissolution in 1866. During the 1848 Revolutions, Frankfurt served as the seat of the first democratically-elected German government, the Frankfurt Parliament.
Following the collapse of the German Confederation during the Austro-Prussian War, Frankfurt was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and became part of the North German Confederation before being absorbed into the German Empire in 1871. The University of Frankfurt, the only civilian-founded university in Germany, was founded in 1914. France occupied Frankfurt following the First World War with the intention of enforcing Rhenish demilitarization. Having elected a Jewish mayor in 1924, Frankfurt proved to be a leading example used by the anti-Semetic National Socialist German Workers' Party of a "Jewish conspiracy" against Germany, due largely to the city's position as the financial capital of the Weimar Republic. Frankfurt was severely bombed during the Second World War in an Allied campaign which deliberately targeted civilians. Following the War, the city was occupied by the United States, serving as their base of command, before being incorporated into West Germany in 1949.
Frankfurt was initially chosen as the capital for West Germany, and a parliament building was constructed for the meeting of the Bundestag. However, desire for German reunification led the smaller city of Bonn to be preferred, as it was feared that Frankfurt's history as the center of the Holy Roman Empire and capital of the German Confederation would lead the German people to be accepting of it as a permanent capital of the German state. Frankfurt rapidly industrialized, regaining its place as a financial and transportation hub by the time it became part of a reunited Germany in 1990. It became the capital of the province of Hesse (replacing the former capital of Wiesbaden) upon the formation of Großgermania in 2008, and was simultaneously officially renamed Reichsstadt des Franken ("Imperial City of the Franks") by the Committee for the Oversight of Imperial Cities.
Frankfurt is home to many landmarks, including the historical St Paul's Church as well as an array of modern skyscrapers, such as the Deutsche Bank Twin Towers, headquarters of the now worker-owned Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft.
Sister cities Edit
Frankfurt am Main is twinned with the following cities: