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Empire-Republic War of South Africa
Date 3 January - 28 May, 1961
Location Cape Provinces, West side-Southern Africa
Cause

Prides wanting to separate and re-recreate their own nation-state

Status Ended; Pride Empire seceded from the Union of South Africa, sovereignty restored
Territorial
changes
Republic of South Africa lost west coast to Pride Empire
Belligerents
Pride Empire flag Pride Empire
SWAPO SWAPO
MPLA MPLA
FNLA FNLA
Supported by:
SovietUnion Soviet Union
800px-Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia
Tunisia Tunisia
Union of South Africa South Africa
Union of South Africa South-West Africa
Portugal Portugal
Supported by:
United Kingdom United Kingdom
United States United States
Commanders
Pride Empire flag Ouroboros XX Pride
Pride Empire flag Ouroboros XXI Pride
Pride Empire flag Roma
Pride Empire flag Tierra
Pride Empire flag Molteno
Pride Empire flag Zaieyd
Pride Empire flag Zackly
Pride Empire flag Erde
Pride Empire flag Grado
Pride Empire flag Theimer
Union of South Africa Charles Swart
Union of South Africa H.F. Verwoerd
Union of South Africa Pieter Grobbelaar
Union of South Africa Rudolph Hiemstra
Union of South Africa Hugo Biermann
Portugal Américo Tomás
Portugal António de Oliveira Salazar
Portugal António Augusto dos Santos
Strength
~39,000 Pride separatists initially; swelled to >500,000 supporters

Pride Empire:
133,750 Kommandos
3,345 foreign mercenaries
7,825 SADF deserters
SWAPO: 2,387 fighters
MPLA: 1,601 fighters
FNLA: 594 rebels
South Africa: 201,312 soldiers, policemen, Commandos
South-West Africa: 14,235 policemen & paramilitaries
Portugal: 18,258 colonial troops
Casualties and losses

Total casualties:
72,620

Total casualties:
179,644

The Empire-Republic War of South Africa or commonly, Empire-Republic War was fought on the west side of South Africa, the so-called "Cape Provinces", during the last days of the Union of South Africa when the United Kingdom withdrew from the country in 1990. Seizing the opportunity, the Afrikaner-dominated National Party sought to turn the Union into a Republic through a referendum on 5 October 1960. South African Boers identifying themselves as Prides lobbied instead for the partitioning of the Union to reinstate the Imperial Realm of the Pridelands or Pride Empire but this was heavily opposed by other South Africans. Ouroboros XX Pride, successor to the House of Pride which was forcibly deposed from the throne and exiled to Cape Town, started supporting the movement which gained momentum from then with other Boers and Afrikaners in the Cape Provinces. On 13 November, Ouroroboros XX had his son, Ouroboros XXI, who was then staying in Europe, clandestinely prepare for a possible insurgency to meet their independence and separatist demands.

Though the widely recognized start of the war was on 3 January, the conflict has already started back in October 1990 with sporadic fighting and civil unrest in the Cape Provinces aggravated by the absence of an option for partition in the referendum. To South Africans, especially those wanting to have the Union transition into a republic, it was known as the Separatist War or Secession War while for the Prides it was known as the Re-Independence War or Liberation War.

BackgroundEdit

The Imperial Realm of the Pridelands or Pride Empire was forcibly merged with the Cape Colony to form the Union of South Africa upon the signing of the Treaty of Springbok. Following it, Ouroboros III and the whole House of Pride was exiled overseas with the exception on 1947 when Ouroboros XIX successfully petitioned for his family to be allowed to go back to South Africa but with a compromise that is limited only within the city limits of Cape Town. Upon reaching there, Ouroboros XIX was able to restore fundamental ties with other Boer families and former subjects thus stoking the revival of Pride-nationalistic sentiments and give rise to the separatist movement.

Foreign involvementEdit

The Soviet Union and SFR Yugoslavia, initially did not wish to support the Pride Empire as it is not a Communist revolution but soon gave support to counter rising American influences in Africa. The support of the USSR and Yugoslavia can be seen in the economic and social policies of the Pridelands as it adopted a socialistic approach.

ComplicationsEdit

The separatist movement and war where the Prides emerged victorious and regained their independence and liberation inspired the other African nationalistic movements and the downfall of many European colonies in Africa especially in Angola and Mozambique, and in Namibia.

The SWAPO, MPLA and FNLA all received their preliminary training and combat during this war. The military lessons learned and experiences in guerrilla warfare would be applied in their respective fights.

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