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Template loop detected: Template:Infobox national military The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) is the military of the Republic of the Philippines responsible for defending the sovereignty, the territorial integrity, and the citizens of the Philippines.

The Commander-in-chief of the AFP is the President of the Republic of the Philippines, currently President Benigno Aquino III. The Chief of Staff heads the AFP General Headquarters which is at the top of the military command structure. The AFP includes the Army, Air Force, and Navy for its service branches. The Philippine Marines is a special branch under the Navy while the AFP Military Police is under the General HQ. Each branch has their own special forces. The AFP is a volunteer force and no mandatory military service is enforced though military training or civil training is required for students in high school. As of 2012, the AFP is reported to have a manpower strength of 150,000. The AFP Modernization Act of 1990 stipulates for each Commander-in-Chief to plan and apply a 4-year modernization program during his tenure.

Historically, the AFP traces its roots from the Filipino revolutionaries of the Katipunan. Cadet and ceremonial uniforms are made to look like Katipunero military outfits. Owing also to the historical founding of the Philippine nation (the first and second republics were characteristically military governments), the military has a significant impact and influence on political affairs. It is not uncommon for a high-ranking military officer to run for public office after retirement.

Defense procurement has been provided mostly by foreign suppliers from South Korea, Singapore, Indonesia, South Africa, Israel, Italy, France, Germany, United States, and United Kingdom. Initiatives to strengthen a domestic defense industry has been started by Ferdinand Marcos but declined through the years. Fidel V. Ramos, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, and Noynoy Aquino made efforts to strengthen domestic defense industry with varying results. Arroyo was credited for being largely successful in achieving her domestic defense program (production of Filipino Armored Vehicles-series, local manufacture of armored vehicles, aircraft, naval ships).

HistoryEdit

Current StatusEdit

OrganizationEdit

General HeadquartersEdit

The General Headquarters is at the top of the executive military command structure of the AFP. It is composed of high-ranking personnel from the service branches of the military. The GHQ's role is to provide policies and frameworks with which the AFP as a whole will adopt and implement. It is also involved in formulating strategies and tactics for troop movement and is ultimately responsible for maintaining combat readiness and performance standard. The GHQ also recommends merits and promotion to distinguishable soldiers for the approval of the Commander-in-Chief and serves as the ex officio Board of Directors for the Philippine Military Academy. The GHQ's headquarters is in Fort Andres Bonifacio, Taguig City, Metro Manila.

Joint Strategic Planning CommandEdit

The Joint Strategic Planning Command is a relatively new office that hopes to better integrate and promote coordination between the AFP service branches by having a joint extra structure for commanding officers, specially for the high-ranking ones. The JSPC also provides as an avenue for COs to advise each other. In 2008, commanding officers from the Army, Navy, Marines, and Air Force were given an extra structure to the regular AFP structure to accommodate the Joint Strategic Planning Command's objectives. The establishment of the new structure was also to deter officers from joining mutiny attempts within the AFP and for the GHQ to have more chances to approach the lower ranked COs. The headquarters of the Joint Strategic Planning Command is in Fort Andres Bonifacio, Taguig City, Metro Manila.

Joint Special Operations CommandEdit

The Joint Special Operations Command is a relatively new office that handles all special forces units of the AFP. In 2008, special forces units from the Army, Navy, Marines, and Air Force were all structured under one command to better manage and monitor the units. The restructuring was caused by a series of repeated mutiny attempts (2003, 2006, 2007) with rebel soldiers recruited mostly from special forces units. The restructuring was also an alternative in reducing upkeep costs by having a joint training garrison instead of each branch having their respective training bases. The headquarters of the Joint Special Operations Command is in an expanded Fort Ramon Magsaysay, Palayan City, Nueva Ecija.

AFP Military IntelligenceEdit

The AFP Military Intelligence is a small organization within the military that secures and assesses intelligence that are to be used for military purposes. It mainly investigates on evidences found by soldiers on the field and on data gathered by ranging & detection bases. It also provides undercover, reconnaissance, and surveillance services. The AFP-MI employs drones, electronic facilities, and HUMINT .

Philippine Military AcademyEdit

The military academy of the AFP that produces commissioned officers. It is also the principal military training reserve in the Philippines with features catering the naval, air, and ground components. The AFP-PMA is headquartered in Camp Antonio Luna, Malolos, Bulacan. In, 2011, virtual simulators were installed in AFP-PMA for flight training.

Philippine ArmyEdit

The ground warfare component of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The Philippine Army is the oldest service branch of the AFP tracing its roots from the revolutionary army of the Katipunan.

Army AviationEdit

The Philippine Army Aviation is part of the PA that employs fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters for transport, reconnaissance, and close air support.

Philippine NavyEdit

The naval warfare component of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The Philippine Navy is the second oldest service branch of the AFP founded from the Spanish vessels captured by the Katipuneros during the Philippine Revolutionary period. PN vessels are marked with the markings "BRP" meaning Barko ng Republika ng Pilipinas (Ship of the Republic of the Philippines).

Philippine Marine CorpsEdit

The Philippine Marine Corp is under the PN that provides ground warfare capabilities. The PMC is usually deployed for expeditionary purposes. The PMC is one of the oldest military bodies of the AFP. It started from the Katipunero soldiers attached to ships acting as secondary armaments.

Naval AviationEdit

The Philippine Naval Aviation is a part of the PN that employs fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters for transport, reconnaissance, maritime patrol, and close air support. The PNA supports the naval ships of the PN and the PMA.

Philippine Air ForceEdit

The air warfare component of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The Philippine Air Force is the newest service branch of the AFP formed during World War II with foreign assistance from Imperial Japan.

EquipmentEdit

Class Ships In service Origin Status
Kapitan Heneral Antonio Luna-class guided missile frigate
(Modified Ulsan-class frigate)
BRP Kapitan Heneral Antonio Luna
BRP Magat Heneral Venacio Conception
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Benito Natividad
2000-present Republic of Korea BRP Kapitan Heneral Antonio Luna currently serves as present PN flagship
Kapitan Heneral Andres Bonifacio-class frigate
(Maestrale-class frigate)
BRP Magat Heneral Andres Bonifacio
BRP Bigadyer Heneral Procopio Bonifacio
1993-present Italy Operational
Slated for retirement by 2016
Kapitan Heneral Emilio Aguinaldo-class frigate
(Soldati-class patrol frigate)
BRP Kapitan Heneral Emilio Aguinaldo
BRP Kapitan Heneral Artemio Ricarte
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Pio del Pilar
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Mariano Noriel
1993-present Italy Operational
Brigadyer Heneral Ciriaco Bonifacio-class corvette
(Minerva-class corvette)
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Ciriaco Bonifacio
BRP Tenyete Heneral Baldomero Aguinaldo
BRP Magat Heneral Crispulo Aguinaldo
1993-present Italy Operational
Slated for retirement by 2016
Magat Heneral Licerio Geronimo-class corvette
(Minerva-class corvette)
BRP Magat Heneral Licerio Geronimo
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Pantaleon Villegas
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Lazaro Toledo
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Pantaleon Garcia
1995-present Italy Operational
Brigadyer Heneral Gregorio del Pilar-class corvette
(Improved Hamilton-class cutter)
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Gregorio del Pilar
BRP Magat Heneral Emilio Jacinto
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Manuel Tinio
BRP Brigadyer Heneral Santiago Alvarez
2011-present United States/Philippines Ships assembled and modified domestically, capabilities upgraded
Fifth ship planned
Tenyete Heneral Edilberto Evangelista-class missile gunboat
(Sea Wolf-class missile gunboat)
1999-present Philippines/Singapore Operational
4 ships based on the Sea Wolf-class constructed domestically in 1999, 6 decommissioned Sea Wolf-class transferred from Singapore in 2008
Tinyente Telesforo Trinidad-class submarine
(Sauro-class submarine)
BRP Tinyete Telesforo Trinidad
BRP Magat Jose Calugas
1997-present Italy Operational
First submarines of the PN fleet
Magat Conrado Tudtud-class submarine
(S1000-class submarine)
BRP Magat Conrado Tudtud
BRP ???
2015 Italy Ordered 2 units in 2012, expected delivery on 2015
Brigadyer Heneral Trinidad Tecson-class patrol vessel
(Peacock-class patrol vessel)
1997-present United Kingdom/Philippines Operational
3 ships transferred in 1997, 4 ships constructed domestically in 2000
Komodor Ramon Alcaraz-class patrol vessel
(Fearless-class patrol vessel)
BRP Komodor Ramon Alcaraz
BRP Komodor S. Nuval
BRP Komodor Abraham Campo
BRP Komodor Carlos Albert
2012-present Singapore/Philippines Ordered 4 ships in 2010
First ship constructed in Singapore, following ships constructed domestically
Tinyente Jose Andrada-class patrol craft 1985-present Philippines Operational
Construction done in batches: 10 in 1985, 10 in 1989, 5 in 1992
Komodor Juan Magluyan-class patrol craft
(Haksaeng-class patrol boat)
1993-present Republic of Korea Operational
12 ships originally, 7 ships decommissioned
Kumander Enrique Jurado-class patrol craft
(Chamsuri-class patrol boat)
1995-present Republic of Korea/Philippines Operational
8 ships were transferred, 7 constructed domestically
2 ships lost in separate accidents, 3 ships decommissioned
Praybayt Tomas Claudio-class patrol craft
(Cyclone-class patrol boat)
2000-present United States/Philippines Operational
1 ship transferred, 9 constructed domestically
Five more planned
Kalakan Tomas Batillo-class minehunter
(Lerici-class minehunter variant)
BRP Kalakan Tomas Batillo
BRP Magat Emilio Liwanag
BRP Magat Juan Pajota
BRP
1988-present Italy Operational
Ships local assembled
Koronel Jesus Villamor-class mine countermeasures vessel
(Bedok-class mine countermeasures vessel variant)
2000-present Philippines Operational
Quezon-class logistics support vessel
(Newport-class LSV)
BRP Laguna
BRP Benguet
1975-present United States Operational
Slated for retirement by 2015
4 ships originally, 1 ship lost in an accident, 1 ship decommissioned
Bacolod City-class logistics support vessel BRP Bacolod City
BRP Dagupan City
1993-present Philippines Operational
Tagbanua-class large landing craft 1993-present Philippines Operational
Mayon-class strategic sealift vessel BRP Mayon
BRP Pinatubo
2016 Philippines Under-construction
Landing Craft Mk.1 20 crafts 1993-present Philippines Operational
PN developing Mk.2
Multi-Purpose Patrol Boat 30 crafts 1980-present Philippines Operational
Multi-Purpose Attack Craft 11 crafts 2009-present Philippines Operational
Mk.1: 3 units, Mk.2: 8 units, (future) Mk.3: 42

ModernizationEdit

HistoricalEdit

BasesEdit

AFP CampsEdit

Military Base Location Garrison Notes
Camp Andres Bonifacio Taguig City & Makati City, Metro Manila Department of National Defense, AFP-General Headquarters, Joint Strategic Planning Command Headquarters of the AFP;
Other offices concerned with economics and logistics based here;
Parts of Camp Bonifacio sold to private sector as part of Bases Conversion Act of 1992, known as "Fort Bonifacio" commercial district
Camp Ramon Magsaysay Palayan City, Nueva Ecija Joint Special Forces Command JSFC principal training grounds and headquarters
Camp Rigoberto Atienza Quezon City, Metro Manila Philippine Reserves' Joint Command, National Defense College,
51st Engineering Brigade (PA), 10th Marine Sapper Battalion (PMC)
Largest military reserve in Metro Manila
Camp Antonio Luna Malolos, Bulacan Philippine Military Academy Large military reserve that includes training facilities for all service branches
Camp Edilberto Evangelista Limay, Bataan Government Arsenal State-owned defense manufacturer based here

PA FortsEdit

Military base Location Garrison Notes
Fort Emilio Aguinaldo Quezon City, Metro Manila Philippine Army Headquarters of the PA
Fort Gregorio del Pilar Baguio, Benguet Philippine Army Features heliport; Includes Gregorio del Pilar Park, American Residence, The Mansion
Fort Julian Felipe Capas, Tarlac Philippine Army Military testing and exercise site; Features a detection & ranging facility

PN Naval StationsEdit

Military base Location Garrison Notes
Naval Station Jose Francisco Manila City, Metro Manila Philippine Navy Headquarters of the PN; Adjacent to Miguel Malvar Barracks

PMC BarracksEdit

Military base Location Garrison Notes
Miguel Malvar Barracks Manila City, Metro Manila Philippine Marine Corps Headquarters of the PMC; Adjacent to Naval Station Jose Francisco
Manuel Tinio Barracks Laoag, Ilocos Norte Philippine Marine Corps Features naval and heliport accommodations

PAF Air BasesEdit

Military base Location Garrison Notes
Jesus Villamor Air Base Paranaque City & Pasay City, Metro Manila Philippine Air Force Headquarters of the PAF; Shares runway with Ninoy Aquino International Airport;
Ceased military operations, only carries out ceremonial duties, humanitarian operations, and VIP transport
Isidro Juan Paredes Air Base Laoag, Ilocos Norte Philippine Air Force Shares runway with Laoag International Airport;
Primarily used as a detection & ranging facility
Pelagio Cruz Air Base Angeles City, Pampanga Philippine Air Force Reserves one dedicated runway at Pelagio Cruz International Airport

GalleryEdit

See AlsoEdit

  • Department of National Defense (Philippines)
  • AFP Military Police
  • National Security Council
  • National Defense College of the Philippines
  • National Intelligence Coordinating Agency
    • NICA-Cyber & Electronic Operations
    • NICA-Paramilitary Operations
    • NICA-Special Covert Operations
  • Presidential Security Group
  • Philippine Reserves' Joint Command
    • Civic-Military Development Operations
    • Reserve Officers' Training Corps
    • Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit
  • Department of the Interior and Local Government (Philippines)
  • National Bureau of Investigation
  • Philippine National Police
    • PNP-Special Action Force
    • PNP-Special Task Forces
    • PNP-Attached Services
    • PNP-Academy
  • Barangay Tanod
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